What Is News?
News is information about events that affect a community, a country, or the world. It can be anything from political developments to weather forecasts. News is often reported in newspapers, magazines, radio and television programs, websites, social media and mobile applications. News is usually presented objectively and without bias. It is often based on facts, but opinions and personal beliefs are also included in some forms of news.
What makes something newsworthy varies from society to society. For example, if there is an insect that has been found living on a plant which it did not previously inhabit, this may not be very interesting to most people. However, if that insect is one that feeds on crops and could potentially threaten food supplies it becomes important news.
Other things that make news include the actions of prominent people – what they say and do. This can be especially interesting if it involves scandal, corruption or unethical behaviour. People are also interested in health, so stories about hospitals and clinics, medical research, diet and exercise are often of interest. Many societies are interested in sex, so stories about relationships and sexual behaviour are sometimes newsworthy.
The functions of news include informing the public, educating the public, and providing analysis and interpretation. It also promotes accountability by holding individuals, organizations and governments accountable for their actions and decisions. News also provides background information, expert opinions, and different perspectives so that the audience can understand complex issues.
In order to be useful, News must be accurate and timely. It should also be presented in an attractive manner so that the audience is drawn to it. Finally, it should be clear and concise so that the audience can understand what is happening and why it is important.
If you are writing news for a newspaper, magazine or radio broadcast, your first task is to inform the readers of what is happening. In journalism jargon this is known as your lede. This is where you get the most important elements of your story in a way that will capture the reader’s attention and imagination. It should be exciting and interesting – if it is not, the reader will move on to another piece of news.
Whether you are writing about an earthquake, a plane crash, or the latest celebrity scandal, it is important to remember that you are writing news and not commentary. While a personal opinion can add to the interest of your article, it is not the function of News.
A good journalist knows that the most important job is to report the facts accurately and quickly. The rest is up to the reader.