What Is Law?


Law is a set of rules that govern behavior and are enforced by social and governmental institutions. While the exact definition of law is disputed, some have described it as a science or an art of justice. Whatever the definition, law has been the foundation for many modern cultures. Among its defining elements are rule of law, courts, and legislation.

Rule of law

The rule of law is the fundamental principle that demands that those in authority exercise their power within well-established norms and the limits of public behavior. This ensures that no one is above the law, and that everyone has access to legal protection.


Law is a general term that describes both a field of study and a career in the legal system. While the existence of law is an indisputable fact of life, it does not always explain how things work or why they happen. It is therefore important to understand the nature of law and how it works.


Courts of law are adjudicating authorities that carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative cases. They are the central dispute resolution mechanism in legal systems, and are a right granted to all people. They also allow those who have been accused of a crime to present a defense before a court.


There are various approaches to regulation of law. The first approach is broad and aims at protecting a market. A second approach aims at reducing risks associated with the spread of a pest or disease. Such regulation may also restrict the movement of stocks.

Customary law

Customary law is a system for the regulation of human behavior in a cultural context. It aims to protect the rights of people from discrimination, harassment, and exploitation. The process to create and regulate customary law is divided into various steps. The final step in this process is the publication of the customary law in a special collection. The Commission is chaired by a Justice with Appeals Court qualification and is made up of representatives of trade associations and legal experts. The Commission has been in office since 15 January 2018 and will remain in office until 31 December 2022.

Rule by court

In some cases, a State has asked a court to create a rule without going through the congressionally prescribed rulemaking process. This type of rulemaking is called a Rule by Court.