What Is Law?


Law is a set of rules that are created and enforced by social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. It has been variously described as a science and as the art of justice.

The law covers a broad range of topics and includes fields such as contract, tort, criminal, property, administrative, family, employment, constitutional and international law. It also encompasses the processes by which laws are adopted, administered, adjudicated, and enforced.

Its main goals are to establish standards, maintain order, resolve disputes and protect liberties and rights. It serves society in many other ways, such as ensuring that public officials carry out their duties fairly and that the same laws apply to everyone. Laws are usually written but they may also be customary, unwritten, or based on common sense.

People often disagree about how the law should be interpreted, and this leads to a lot of arguments. The study of law is therefore not for the faint-hearted and a career in it requires a high degree of intellectual ability. There are several perks to being a lawyer, however, such as an office and a salary that exceeds most other professions’.

A legal system typically consists of both a constitution and statutes, together with the judicial process. The constitution provides the foundation for a country’s legal system, while statutes and regulations give detail to how the law applies in specific situations. The judicial process consists of courts that hear and decide lawsuits brought by citizens or companies.

Courts are staffed by judges, lawyers and other judicial personnel. Judges are entrusted to uphold the law and to interpret the constitution in their judgements. Lawyers are experts in the legal field and represent clients in court. They are tasked with explaining the law to their clients and advising them on how best to proceed in their cases.

Law encompasses a huge number of subjects, and the fields of law are constantly changing. For example, space law has emerged to address human activities in outer space. Environmental law deals with a wide range of issues such as air and water pollution, and is another example of a rapidly expanding area of law. Financial law involves rules about how banks and other businesses should be run, as well as taxes and interest rates.